The Free Republic of Liberland, a new European micronation, in the future “could become a new Monaco, Liechtenstein or Hong Kong”, assures its creator and president Vit Jedlicka.
On April 13, 2015, the Czech Eurosceptic politician Vit Jedlicka, together with two other libertarians, declared a small territory of only seven square kilometers, situated between Serbia and Croatia, a new sovereign state, which he called Liberland.
- Motto: Live and let live
- Area: 7 square kilometers
- Official languages: Czech and English
- President: Vit Jedlicka
What are Liberland’s fundamental principles?
The motto of micronation is “Live and let live”. As for the flag, Vit Jedlicka explained that “yellow represents freedom, blue the Danube, and black represents its resistance against the system”. “The tree represents abundance, the bird, freedom, and the sun, energy,” he added.
What seemed like a dream now seems really possible
The only requirements Liberland has for applicants for citizenship are respecting for individual rights and opinions, as well as private property, and the absence of a criminal record or Nazi or Communist past.
Why is Liberland so successful?
A week after Liberland was created and potential residents were invited to join the project, more than 200,000 applications for citizenship have been received, from almost every country in the world, reports ‘The Guardian’.
Potential citizens are offering Liberland their expertise in areas from solar power and telecommunications to urban planning and coinage. “People have planned the whole city in three days and some really want to come and invest… What seemed like a dream now seems really possible,” said Jedlicka.
“The model citizen of Liberland would be Thomas Jefferson, and that’s why we established the country on his birthday. Citizens could seek happiness and this is the place where we can achieve it,” said the Czech politician.
How will Liberland be governed?
The key to Liberland’s prosperity is fiscal policy, says Jedlicka. “Taxes will be optional and people will only finance specific development projects,” she adds. The president of the new micronation explains that at this point it is necessary to explain to the foreign ministries how the region could prosper. “This will bring money from all over the world, not only for Liberland, which would be a tax haven, but for the whole area. We could turn this area into a Monaco, Liechtenstein or Hong Kong”, reflects Jedlicka.
All states were initially established on ‘terra nullius’.
“We have decided to start from scratch and show how little state is needed for society to function,” the politician says. “We are a nation of people who are not happy with the status quo, with government meddling and high taxes, and what does a nation really create if not a common feeling and approach to something,” he adds.
As for the legal system, “it will incorporate good practices from other countries: Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Estonia, some parts of the U.S. constitution,” explains Jedlicka. Liberland will have a government of “10 to 20 members and a police force, but will not have an army, applying the open border policy,” he adds
Liberland seeks to create and use its own cryptocurrency
This micro-nation originally used Bitcoin as an official currency. In an interview, its president and founder Vit Jedlicka, mentioned that he thought digital currency “was a great thing”, since it has a primary value as an exchange tool. However, he now has his eyes on a more ambitious digital currency plan for his country, one that “will be more of a stake in Liberland than a crypto-currency.
“I am very excited to want another role similar to Bitcoin in the world of national currencies, we would like to be a competitive nation-state in the future,” Jedlicka shared in an interview with Sputnik News.
Vit Jedlicka decided that the new coin called “Merit” would be more suitable for his cryptographic coins. According to Jedlicka, citizens will have the right to vote as much as their merit. People will have a part of the country in which they live in their system.
President Jedlicka wants the people who have the power to make decisions, who also make it possible for the country to be real and contribute to its creation.
Eventually, Jedlicka wants to move the management of the country to a decentralized autonomous organization (DAO). A DAO is a structure in which “decisions are made electronically through a written computer code or through the vote of its members.
The DAO will control the dispersal of the new ‘Merit’ cryptomoney among its citizens. The idea is to weigh the right to vote according to the number of ‘Merits’ a person has. Jedlicka explains that the system allows people to “get the shares of the country they live in” if they want to pay some (voluntary) taxes.
The pilot project of the system will be launched at the end of November. There are also plans to run Merit at the Etheteum. This would allow it to be used as a guarantee within the nation’s justice system.
What are micronations?
A micronation is an entity that claims to be a nation or independent state but lacks international recognition, so it is necessary not to confuse this term with that of the micro-states that are internationally recognized. In many cases, micronation exists only on the Internet or within the private property of its members.
What are their objectives?
The writer Mohammen Bahareth, in his book entitled “Micronations”, distinguishes the following reasons that give rise to the birth of micro-states
- Social, economic and political imitations have structures that are similar to those of any other nation. Some examples of this type of micronations are the Free City of Christiania, which was founded in Denmark in 1971, and Talossa, created in 1979 in the USA.
- Historical imitations are micronations that try to recreate the past, such as Ladonia, created in 1996 in Sweden.
- Some micronations are created with the aim of promoting a political or social agenda. One example is the Conch Republic, which was founded in 1982 in the U.S. as a protest by Florida Keys residents and businessmen against a highway blockade by the U.S. border patrol.
- A series of micronations have been created for fraudulent purposes, attempting to link questionable or illegal financial actions in seemingly legitimate countries, such as the Melchizedek Estate, known for bank fraud in many parts of the world in the 1990s.
- Some of the micronations were born as projects of new countries, formed in artificial islands, as for example, the Republic of Minerva, which existed between 1972 and 1973.
- ‘Seasteading’ is a concept of creating permanent housing at sea, outside the territories claimed by the governments of any standing nation.
What are the five most famous micronations in the world?
Principality of Sealand
The Principality of Sealand is a micronation whose foundation was announced in 1975 by British citizen Paddy Roy Bates. Sealand proclaimed as its own sovereign territory the Roughs Tower marine platform, built by the Royal Navy in 1942 and located in the North Sea, in the United Kingdom. Its form of government is a hereditary constitutional monarchy.
Republic of Molossia
The Republic of Molossia is a micronation located in the U.S. state of Nevada and whose creation was announced by Kevin Baugh in 1999. Molossia comprises Baugh’s house (known as the Government House), which is about 40 square meters, as well as about 5,000 square meters of surrounding property.
Republic of Minerva
The Republic of Minerva was an attempt to create a micronation on an artificial island. Its creator was millionaire and political activist Michael Oliver, who chose the Minerva reefs, located in the Pacific Ocean, to establish the republic in 1972. However, the project was abandoned in 1973.
Hutt River Principality
The Hutt River Principality, which was created in 1970, is the oldest micronation in Australia, located 517 km north of Perth. Its establishment was announced by Leonard George Casley, when he and his associates proclaimed the secession of the state from Western Australia.
Ladonia is a micronation proclaimed in Sweden in 1996 as a result of a legal battle between artist Lars Viks and local authorities over two sculptures, Nimis and Arx. These works of art were built in a nature reserve in the northwest of the country. However, the authorities declared them to be buildings and demanded their dismantling. As a result, Vilks announced the creation of the Ladonia Micronation in protest against the local council.
Throughout history, micronations of different kinds have been established all over the world, especially in Europe, Australia, and the USA.